While many jurisdictions have developed drug courts, mental health courts, and veteran's courts, virtually no jurisdictions have developed gang courts. This publication examines two such courts. The first program reviewed was developed by the U.S. Probation Office for the Eastern District of Missouri, headquartered in St. Louis, Missouri. This program titled "The St. Louis Gang Reentry Initiative Project" (GRIP) focuses on adult federal offenders and has specific criteria for admittance into the program. The second court program reviewed is the Yakima County Gang Court (YGC), located in Yakima, Washington. The YGC program was developed for gang-involved juveniles. The Yakima, Washington area has a significant Hispanic population and has experienced an influx of Hispanic gang members.
Considerations for Developing a Program of Reentry in Tribal Communities
Nationally, reentry is a growing concern shared by tribal governments. Tribal governments are becoming more proactive as they look for options and ways to meet the reentry and reintegration needs and concerns of American Indian and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) ex-offenders or re-entrants and the tribal communities they may return to upon release.
Equine-assisted Gang Preventions for North American Indian Horse Cultures
Contemporary Great Plains horse cultures have retained their ties to their lands and their love and respect of horses. Many of the horse songs, ceremonies, and dances have been preserved. Horses symbolize a time when the nations were at the pinnacle of power and independence. Moreover, horses are abundant on contemporary reservations as are experienced, highly-competent horse men and women. All of these factors coalesce to make equine-assisted gang prevention programs an ideal cultural fit.
Native American Involvement in the Gang Subculture: Current Trends & Dynamics
This publication focuses on gang supervision and reentry issues and strategies unique to Native American populations both on and off the reservation. This publication examines factors contributing to the influx of gangs in Indian Country and contributing factors, many of which are unique to Indian Country, resulting in an increase in gang involvement in many Native American communities.
Gang Supervision: The "Off-Duty" Safety Issues
Gang membership continues to rise in most areas of the United States. The 2011 National Gang Threat Assessment reports there are approximately 1.4 million active street, prison and Outlaw Motorcycle Gang members, comprising more than 33,000 gangs, in the United States. Gangs are responsible for an average of 48 percent of violent crime in most jurisdictions and up to 90 percent in several others, according to National Gang Intelligence Center analysis.
Street-Gang Mentality: A Mosaic of Remorseless Violence and Relentless Loyalty
To help officers better understand gang members, the authors share some observations from their recent study, Violent Encounters: A Study of Felonious Assaults on Our Nation's Law Enforcement Officers.
Gang Prevention: An Overview of Research and Programs (USDOJ)
This bulletin presents research on why youth join gangs and how a community can build gang prevention and intervention services. The author summarizes recent literature on gang formation and identifies promising and effective programs for gang prevention.
Best Practices for Addressing Community Gang Problems
This Report provides guidance for communities that are considering how best to address a youth gang problem that already exists or threatens to become a reality.
Guns, Safety and Proactive Supervision
The information in this monograph is intended to raise concerns and issues that agencies and officers should consider in decisions about proactive supervision as it relates to dealing with prohibited offenders who may possess guns.
The History of Street Gangs in the United States
This document reports the history of street gangs in the United States beginning with their emergence on the East Coast around 1783, to the present.
New Approaches to Staff Safety-Second Edition
This revised edition of New Approaches to Staff Safety helps community corrections agencies and trainers evaluate current training needs relating to officer safety. While the information is targeted to officers, many training areas apply to all staff working in a community corrections setting.
Project Safe Neighborhoods - What's Available?
This article provides a listing of the Project Safe Neighborhoods training partners and the steps to apply for training for your agency. It outlines the services available and gives information on the training and technical assistance application process.
Quick Guide to Gangs
This Quick Guide to Gangs is designed to give the field officer a basic overview of symbols and identifiers of some of the major street gangs across North America.
Gangs: Awareness, Prevention, Intervention
This report, created by the State's Attorney of Will County provides information on gang awareness directed at prevention and community safety.